The micropropagation or “in vitro” culture of plant tissues is a different, innovative and safe way to produce plants.
This technology is made in the laboratory, a sterile environment free of external contamination.
The main process steps are: initial explant, multiplication, elongation and rooting.
Basis of micropropagation is cloning and growth in sterility of plant material. Since this is a cloning process, the plants obtained with this technique are homogeneous, unvarying, healthy and genetically identical to the starting material.
To begin the process, you need to locate a parent plant, known as the mother plant. On this plant, specialized staff picks apices of shoots, meristems, nodes, buds, callus of growth or a part of vegetative tissue adequate for the growth in vitro.
The initial plant material (called “explant”), is bred in transparent plastic pots, filled with agar substrate sterilized in an autoclave. From this moment onwards, new plants are cultivated in artificial lighting conditions, through the use of neon lamps and controlled temperature at 22 ° / 25 °.
This first phase ends with the rooting of the plants and with the exit of the material rooted by the laboratory for the acclimatization period in the greenhouse, very delicate and subject to seasonal trends. This leads to the complete autonomy of the plant.
The plants, once ready to be delivered, are selected to achieve the appropriate quality standard.